Belarusian Women as the Agents of the Coming Change
But certain cultural traits, which are observable today, might be traced back to the past. During the last fifty years some changes can be noticed in terms of traditional labor patterns.
Internet disruptions were registered during protest rallies throughout 2020. Women formally enjoy equal political rights and make up 40 percent of the legislators elected in November 2019. Women’s advocacy groups have diverging positions on promoting the political rights of women, with some such groups taking the position that there is no need for gender equality initiatives in Belarus.
- The referendum changed the constitution and allowed Lukashenk to cancel the elections and remain president.
- Open had raised $2 million in humanitarian aid for Ukrainian relief.
- The government made efforts to reduce the demand for commercial sex acts by upholding the prohibition on advertising commercial sex and criminalizing the purchase of sex with a child.
- The EU banned Belarusian airlines from entering its airspace and from accessing its airports.
- For several centuries the Belarusian territories were strongly influenced by the Byzantine culture, including Orthodox Christianity, stone architecture, and literature.
- In the past, observers reported authorities threatened individuals who refused to work with fines or unpaid premium compensation.
If we compare the share of women in each of the specialties, then QA (the share of women is 38.1%) and business analysts (37.8%) are leading. Only one in ten developers (i.e. the programmers) is a representative of a fair sex. There is one point about this list that is often not taken into account in the discussion. Through a list of arduous work, the society protects both women themselves and employers, to whom in the future women could make claims regarding work-related injuries and diseases .
About 80 percent of all industry remains in state hands, and foreign investment has been hindered by a political climate not always friendly towards business. Economic output, which had been declining for several years, revived somewhat in the late 1990s. Privatization of enterprises controlled by the central government virtually ceased in 1996, and the Belarusian economy was in crisis. The volume of production in all branches of industries has decreased. The Russian financial crisis that began in autumn 1998 severely affected Belarus’s Soviet-style planned economy.
Functioning of Government
It turns out that a person is still without any severance pay – and everything seems to be according to the law. Moreover, the contract system created by the decree of President Alexander Lukashenko absolutely contradicts the Labor Code of Belarus. As a result, https://www.bbglowmakeup.it/2023/02/08/dutch-women/ today Belarus is the only country in the world where the absolute majority of employees – about 90% – work on short-term employment contracts, without any guarantees for the future. Nevertheless, there is a range of professions with sufficiently high levels of income that are simply banned for women by law in Belarus.
Protecting Rights, Saving Lives
Its essence is that in the overwhelming majority of the countries of the world , if a person has a sufficiently high qualification and a permanent job, then his/her level and quality of life far exceed the minimum subsistence level identified in the country. However, this pattern is not applicable to Belarus – what, in fact, possesses to talk about the phenomenon of “working poor”. This situation has a downside – at the end of the contract, the employer does not have to extend it and explain the reasons for not extending the contract to the employee. Moreover, as practice shows, this hits women employees far harder than others. We have seen enough number of such situations – especially among teachers.
On 20 June 2017, Belarusian news agencies reported that Belarus has fallen below the “sensitive” countries that have no guarantee of protection of workers’ rights. This was stated in the rating of ITUC Global Rights Index for 2017, compiled by the International Trade Union Confederation. The investigation has covered cases of 139 countries around the world. 34 more countries including Bahrain, Bangladesh, China, Egypt, Greece, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Pakistan, Ukraine, Turkey, Zimbabwe, and others along with Belarus have fallen into the same group. The modern-day characteristics of women in Belarus evolved from the events that happened in the history of Belarus, particularly when the “concept of equal rights for women was first developed and substantiated in the late 16th century”. The so-called Grand Duchy Charter of 1588 – one of the most important legal documents in Belarusian history – protected the dignity of Belarusian women under the law. Women in Belarus and their contribution to Belarusian society https://theempoweredsouls.com/2023/01/11/how-russian-trolls-helped-keep-the-womens-march-out-of-lock-step-the-new-york-times/ is celebrated annually on the 8th of March, during International Women’s Day.
For some Bellarussians, 25 March is celebrated as an unofficial Independence Day. The date commemorates the short time period when Belarus broke free from the Bolshevik Russia in March 1918, only to be reoccupied in December 1918.